Periodontics is a branch of dental medicine dealing with treating supports structures of teeth (bone, cementum, periodontium, gingiva) that has made great progress in recent times.
With the new treatment methods, excellent results are achieved today and the treatment of periodontitis gets a new dimension
CAUSES OF PERIODONTITIS
Dental plaque is a sticky colourless film that forms on teeth. In addition, it can be formed elsewhere in the oral cavity. Saliva is a basis for plaque, so it is impossible to remove it by mouthwash. It is formed only a few minutes after washing the teeth i.e. it is also formed without food intake.
Tartar is hardened dental plaque formed by precipitation of minerals from saliva and gingival crevicular fluid in plaque. The process of dental plaque mineralization takes place relatively quickly, in 12 to 14 days. The speed first depends on the composition of saliva and oral hygiene. Tartar in the onset of periodontitis creates retention sites for accumulation of plaque and disables self-cleaning and maintaining of oral hygiene. It also mechanically exerts pressure on the free gingiva, leading to the withdrawal of gums.
Anatomic anomalies play an important role in the onset and development of periodontitis, including:
- tooth shape anomalies,
- tooth position,
- improper relations between the upper and lower jaw,
- anomalies such as rotated teeth, dental crowding, overbite, open bite, etc.
Food retention implies food becoming lodged under the gums and deeper tissues, leading to the creation of a substrate for the propagation of bacteria. In the healthy mouth, there is no food retention as the natural form of teeth and their mutual contact prevents this.
However, food can get stuck for several reasons:
inadequate fillings and poor prosthetic works
Bad habits can contribute to the development of periodontitis by facilitating and accelerating the accumulation of dental plaque. This includes:
chewing food with only one side of the jaw.
consuming only soft and liquid food
SMOKING prevents normal blood flow of the tissue, reducing the body’s natural self-defence